The heart rate response to exercise is blunted in patients with sleep-related breathing disorder
Grote L, Hedner J, Peter JH.
Sleep Disorders Center, Pulmonary Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. firstname.lastname@example.org
This study addressed the hypothesis that cardiovascular reactivity during graded bicycle exercise is influenced by a coexisting sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD).
Blood pressure and heart rate were assessed at rest and during graded exercise (110 W and maximal load) in 1,149 patients of a Sleep Disorders Center. The degree of SRBD, and potential confounders, including blood gases and pulmonary function, were determined.
Maximal exercise capacity tended to decrease with SRBD activity (p = 0.07). The heart rate reactivity was blunted and reduced by -0.07 and -0.09 beats/min for every SRBD unit at 110 W (p < 0.001) and at maximal load (p < 0.001), respectively. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure reactivity at maximal load were positively associated with SRBD severity. These associations were independent of possible confounders. CONCLUSION: SRBD is associated with reduced physical working capacity and a modified hemodynamic response to exercise. Cardiology. 2004;102(2):93-9.