Sleep Characteristics in Children with Growth Hormone Deficiency


Respiratory Unit, Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital and Research Institute, Rome, Italy.


Background/Aims: Growth hormone (GH) is preferentially secreted during slow wave sleep and the interactions between human sleep and the somatotropic system are well documented, although only few studies have investigated the sleep EEG in children with GH deficiency (GHD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the sleep structure of children with dysregulation of the GH/insulin-like growth factor axis. Methods: Laboratory polysomnographic sleep recordings were obtained from 10 GHD children and 20 normal healthy age-matched children. The classical sleep parameters were evaluated together with sleep microstructure, by means of the cyclic alternating pattern (CAP), in GHD patients and compared to the control group. Results: GHD children showed a significant decrease in total sleep time, sleep efficiency, movement time and in non-rapid eye movement sleep stage 2. Although some indicators of sleep fragmentation were increased in GHD children, we found a general decrease in EEG arousability represented by a significant global decrease in the CAP rate, involving all CAP A phase subtypes. Conclusions: The analysis of sleep microstructure by means of CAP, in children with GHD, showed a reduction of transient EEG amplitude oscillations. Further studies are needed in order to better clarify whether GH therapy is able to modify sleep microstructure in GHD children, and the relationships between sleep microstructure, hormonal secretion and neurocognitive function in these patients.

Neuroendocrinology. 2011 Apr 5.

Randy Clare

Randy Clare

Randy Clare brings to The Sleep and Respiratory Scholar more than 25 years of extensive knowledge and experience in the sleep and pulmonary function field. He has held numerous management positions throughout his career and has demonstrated a unique view of the alternate care diagnostic and therapy model. He is considered by many an expert in the use of oral appliances like Silent Nite, EMA and TAP to treat snoring and sleep apnea in the dental office. Mr. Clare's extensive sleep industry experience assists Sleepandrespiratoryscholar in providing current, relevant, data-proven information on sleep diagnostics and sleep therapies that are effective for the treatment of sleep disorders. Mr Clare is director of business development for Glidewell a dental solutions company his focus is on dental treatment for sleep disordered breathing.

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