Randomized Controlled Trial of Variable-Pressure Versus Fixed-Pressure Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Treatment for Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS)

Marjorie Vennelle, RN, Sandra White, BSc (Hons), Renata L. Riha, FRCPE, Tom W. Mackay, FRCPE, Heather M. Engleman, PhD, and Neil J. Douglas, MD, DSc

Study Objectives:
To determine whether fixed-pressure or variable-pressure was preferred by patients and gave better outcomes in patients with the obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).
200 consecutive consenting CPAP naive patients with daytime sleepiness and >15 apneas + hypopneas/h after an attended auto-CPAP titration night.
Measurements and Results:
All measurements were recorded at the end of each limb by a researcher blind to treatment. These included symptoms, Epworth Score, CPAP usage, objective sleepiness by modified Osler test, vigilance and health related quality of life. A total of 181 of 200 patients completed the study. At the end of the study, patients expressed no significant difference in the primary outcome, patient preference, 72 patients preferring fixed and 69 preferring variable-pressure CPAP. Epworth score was lower on variable (9.5, SEM 0.4) than fixed-pressure CPAP (10.0, SEM 0.3; P = 0.031). Mean CPAP use was higher on variable (4.2, SEM 0.2 h/night) than fixed-pressure CPAP (4.0, SEM 0.2 h/night; P = 0.047). There were no other significant differences between treatments.
This study shows no difference in patient preference and only a marginal benefit of variable over fixed-pressure CPAP in OSAHS in terms of subjective sleepiness and CPAP use. The clinical value of this difference remains to be determined.
Randy Clare

Randy Clare

Randy Clare brings to The Sleep and Respiratory Scholar more than 25 years of extensive knowledge and experience in the sleep and pulmonary function field. He has held numerous management positions throughout his career and has demonstrated a unique view of the alternate care diagnostic and therapy model. He is considered by many an expert in the use of oral appliances like Silent Nite, EMA and TAP to treat snoring and sleep apnea in the dental office. Mr. Clare's extensive sleep industry experience assists Sleepandrespiratoryscholar in providing current, relevant, data-proven information on sleep diagnostics and sleep therapies that are effective for the treatment of sleep disorders. Mr Clare is director of business development for Glidewell a dental solutions company his focus is on dental treatment for sleep disordered breathing.

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