Evaluation of auto bi-level algorithm to treat pressure intolerance in obstructive sleep apnea

Source

Swedish Medical Center, 550 17th Avenue, Suite A20, Seattle, WA, 98122, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a new auto-adjusting bi-level algorithm was comparable to a standard method for prescribing bi-level therapy.

METHODS:

This study was a prospective randomized, double-blinded crossover evaluation of the equivalency of the auto-adjusting bi-level mode (VAuto) compared to standard bi-level mode, using a pre-determined difference in Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) of five events per hour. Data were obtained during sleep studies performed on two separate nights. Twenty-two subjects met the entry criteria and were enrolled in the study at four investigational sites in the USA.

RESULTS:

Mean AHI for the auto-adjusting bi-level mode was 6.2 +/- 5.4 events per hour and for the standard bi-level mode 8.3 +/- 5.8 events per hour. The AHI for the two modes were clinically equivalent. The difference in median pressure between these two modes was -3.8 cm H(2)O +/- 3.6 (p = 0.0008) in favor of the auto-adjusting bi-level mode. In addition, the maximum pressure was significantly higher in the auto-adjusting bi-level mode (16.0 cm H(2)O vs. 14.1 cm H(2)O, p = 0.02).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results demonstrated that the auto-adjusting bi-level mode normalized AHI comparable to the standard bi-level mode. The results of this study have several significant implications for the clinical management of sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common condition and is associated with untoward complications. Non-compliance with positive airway pressure (PAP) limits the efficacy of the PAP therapy. The auto-adjusting bi-level mode provides a potentially reliable alternative for sleep clinicians faced with prescribing bi-level PAP for non-compliant patients. This study documents that this type of auto-adjusting device provides effective treatment of OSA.

Sleep Breath. 2010 Jul 6

Randy Clare

Randy Clare

Randy Clare brings to The Sleep and Respiratory Scholar more than 25 years of extensive knowledge and experience in the sleep and pulmonary function field. He has held numerous management positions throughout his career and has demonstrated a unique view of the alternate care diagnostic and therapy model. He is considered by many an expert in the use of a Sleep Bruxism Monitor in a dental office. Mr. Clare's extensive sleep industry experience assists Sleepandrespiratoryscholar in providing current, relevant, data-proven information on sleep diagnostics and sleep therapies that are effective for the treatment of sleep disorders. Mr Clare is a senior brand manager for Glidewell Dental Laboratory his focus is on dental treatment for sleep disordered breathing.

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