Efficacy of two mandibular advancement appliances in the management of snoring and mild-moderate sleep apnea: a cross-over randomized study.
Faculty of Dental Medicine, Université de Montréal, C.P 6128, Succ. Centre-ville, Montréal, Que., Canada H3P 3J7. firstname.lastname@example.org <email@example.com>
Mandibular advancement appliances (MAA) are a recognized alternative treatment to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for mild-moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of and subject satisfaction with two MAA in the management of OSAS.
Five women and 11 men (47.9+/-1.6 years), previously untreated with CPAP, were recruited from a sleep disorders clinic following a polysomnographic diagnosis of mild-moderate OSAS with Respiratory Disturbance Index (RDI) of 9.4+/-1.1. A randomized single blind cross-over study was completed with both Klearway and Silencer (three months for each study arm). Subjects completed standardized questionnaires on sleep quality, sleepiness and functional outcomes (Functional Outcome Sleep Questionnaire: FOSQ). MAA satisfaction (e.g., comfort) and efficacy (e.g., reduction of respiratory noises, headache) were assessed by subjects and sleep partner.
The two MAA (Silencer 4.7+/-0.9 and Klearway 6.5+/-1.3) significantly reduced the RDI compared to the baseline night (10.0+/-1.2, respectively p<0.001 and p<0.01). The RDI was slightly lower with the Silencer (p0.05) but subjects’ preference for comfort was in favor of the Klearway (Klearway 7.0+/-0.4 vs Silencer 5.8+/-0.4, p=0.04). The Epworth score, FOSQ, respiratory noise and morning headache were also improved following use of both appliances (p0.05 to 0.001).
Although both MAA decreased RDI and subjective daytime sleepiness in a similar manner, the choice between various types of MAA needs to be taken into account when considering the benefit of RDI reduction over the benefit of subject compliance. The long term benefit of increased RDI reduction vs. a better subject compliance needs to be assessed in prospective studies.
Sleep Med. 2009 Mar;10(3):329-36. Epub 2008 Jun 25.